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 Post subject: The Sri Lanka Army Special Forces
 Post Posted: Sat Jan 19, 2008 7:14 am 
“Determined, Dared and Done”
The Sri Lanka Army Special Forces


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@ LL / SLA - 18Jan2008

The Sri Lanka Army Special Forces evolved from organization initially known as “Combat Tracker Team”. This group at the inception in 1985 had two Officers and 38 men and was to be tasked to carry out small group operations which have capability of operating deep in enemy territory against LTTE terrorism in time of war. This Combat Tracker Team led by the dedicated and devoted leadership of Maj Gen (retired) G. Hettiarachchi WWV RWP RSP USP psc. (Then Major) and Col AF Lapher PWV RWP RSP (posthumous) (Then Lieutenant).

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Subsequently with the formation of the SSG (Special Service Group) the Combat Tracker Team becomes the reconnaissance element of the SSG. Later as the SSG concept failed to materialized, the Combat Tracker Team changes its name as Rapid Deployment Force (RDF) (Special Force) and operated independently. With the massive successful results of the RDF it was gradually expanded to 04 squadrons. In December 1988 the RDF (SF) was officially designated as 1 st Regiment Special Forces. At present the Special Forces consist of a Regimental Centre, SF Brigade, Training School, 3 Battalions and Regimental Headquarter Battalion –Special Forces.

The role of the Special Forces Regiment is to conduct unconventional warfare and special Ops in remote, urban or rural environment, both overt and covert. This Regiment is specialized in hard hitting encounters with the enemy using superior skills and fire power.

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The Sri Lanka Army Special Forces has the ability to prove that perform unconventional warfare as either “deep penetration” force or for extended during missions, or both. The SF Troops are specially selected, trained, equipped and organized military group consist with highly motivated members qualified to perform reconnaissance, surveillances target acquisition and engagement ops within the controlling or supported units area of interest or influence.

The Special Forces which can be move quickly and simply suited to rapid deployment to meet unforeseen circumstances. The squadrons is an independent sub unit capable of conducting ops in any of the SF roles Reconnaissance, offensive action, Irregular and indigenous force and counter terrorism at strategic or operational level in all environments.

1 st Regiment Special Forces has a Combat Rider Squadron which consist of highly trained Special Forces soldiers who are mounted on motorcycles which cross country capability. They are proved be forces to reckon-with, due to their quick reaction capability.
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2 nd Regiment Special Forces was initially raised on 1994 with 3 Squadrons. Today it is a fully fledges battalion with 04 fighting squadrons. Its has diving Team with assault boats and consist with highly train divers specialized in beach reconnaissance, surveillances and limited strike ops closer to beaches, and also under water demolition capabilities.

3 rd Regiment Special Forces which was established on 1996 as a Sea born force has now been tasked to operate on the ground role as another SF battalion. Today the 3 rd Battalion Special Forces conduct special missions.

The Regimental Centre and Special Forces Brigade was establish on 1997. The Regimental Headquarter Battalion SF which was raised to administer and maintain record of injured personnel in 1998 and it is under command to Regimental Centre Special Forces.

Special Forces Training School was established on 15 th February 1992 and has done a yeoman service to the Special Forces Regiment by conducting the basic and specialized training for all Special Forces personnel. It also conducts special courses to train instructors from other battalions in the Army and has also helped to train Navy Special Boat Squadron personnel and Air Force Special Strike Group.

Selection criteria for the Special Forces is inherent to the organization and disqualification criteria used when recruiting and training personnel, however volunteers who wish to join special forces has to under go strenuous training and to be qualified the basic course to become a special forces member.

The arrangement of colours in the Special Forces flag is red at the bottom black in the center and red on top and insignia placed on the background. Red at the bottom depicts the adventurous training, good leadership and proper motivation given to the Special Forces on which all their success lies. Red on the top indicates that the Special Forces successfully accomplish their tasks with effective leadership coupled with aggressive and the courageous action. Black in the center indicates that with the characteristics depicted by the two stripes of red the Special Forces having reached a high standard as a fighting force after their rigorous training, approach the enemy secretly achieving the maximum surprise, leading to success.

The insignia depicts Eagle has been regarded as symbol of courage and warlike qualities, a sing qua non for any member of the Special Forces. The superior imposition of the eagle indicated the ability the unit of scooping towards its prey. It is well equipped for its task with its hooked beak. Wonderful keen eyes help to locate the target, powerful wings help to rush to the target, curved talons help to grab the target and hooked bear help to destroy the target. All those magnificently adapted to its requirements.

Four Sharp Arrows- Placed on the background of the insignia and pointing to either side, depict the regiments basic concept of a 4 – man team and its capability of deep penetration in to enemy territory and operating in small groups whose skills and have been sharpened as and arrows head. Placing them crossing each other is intended to give the idea of combined strength and mutual support within as well as with other forces in all types of operation.

Placing the sword upright in the center of the badge partially hidden and in combination with sharp arrows alludes to the specialized infantry qualities of the unit and also indicate the aggressive and adventurous nature of its commitments, impartiality, deep penetration capability and the element of physical danger in the tasks allotted to it.

The Special Forces Regiment has the distinction of taking part in almost all major offensives conducted by the Army since 1986 and has always contributed immensely, for outweighing the numbers involved in operations. The unique results achieved by the regiment so far have been made possible due to the leadership, dedication and the determination shown by its officers and men.

The traditions that were moulded by the motto of the regiment “Determined, Dared and Done” were the guiding principles that has made the Regiment an elite force.


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