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 Post subject: Boer war prisoners in " Ceylon"
 Post Posted: Tue Dec 26, 2006 8:21 pm 
I would like to find out about information and pictures of boer war prisoners in " Ceylon" . My grandfather's grave is there and I would like to visit the grave.

Some help will be appreciated to locate the graves.

regards,

Mr Louis Boshoff

Pretoria , South Africa


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 Post subject: "Boer war prisoners in Ceylon".
 Post Posted: Tue Dec 26, 2006 9:16 pm 
Please find below some information on "Boer war prisoners in Ceylon".

Best regrds and good luck, Rohan


The first batch of prisoners arrived in Ceylon on 9 August 1900 and subsequently others followed until some 5 000 prisoners had landed. Diyatalawa was the main camp. Mt Lavinia was the convalescent camp while dissidents and irreconcilables were housed at Ragama. A camp for prisoners on parole was also opened at Urugasmanhandiya in September 1901. Hambantota was also a parole camp.

Source: Boer Prisoners of War
© 2001 Anglo Boer War Museum


The first sizable batch of Boer prisoners of war taken by the British consisted of those captured at the battle of Elandslaagte on 21 October 1899. No camps had been prepared and by arrangement with the Naval authorities these prisoners (approximately 200 men) were temporarily housed on the naval guard ship HMS Penelope in Simon's Bay.

As the war developed the number of prisoners increased and the provision of accommodation raised some serious problems for the British authorities. This was particularly so after the surrender of General P A Cronje and approximately 4000 burghers at Paardeberg. To keep large camps supplied while conducting a war over large areas would only have imposed intolerable strains on already overburdened supply lines. Not only this, but there was the very real danger of insurrections in the neighbourhood of the camps and the risk of the release of the captives. The solution to the problem was found in the shipment of the prisoners overseas.

Some 30000 Boer farmhouses were destroyed and the Boer women and children were removed to concentration camps.

Image

The first batch of prisoners arrived in Ceylon on 9 August 1900 and subsequently others followed until some 5 000 prisoners had landed. Diyatalawa was the main camp. Mt Lavinia was the convalescent camp while dissidents and irreconcilables were housed at Ragama. A camp for prisoners on parole was also opened at Urugasmanhandiya in September 1901. Hambantota was also a parole camp.


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