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 Post subject: Ancient settlements unearthed in Embilipitiya
 Post Posted: Sun Sep 27, 2009 1:12 pm 
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Ancient settlements unearthed in Embilipitiya

This settlement which apparently existed around the same time as India's Indus valley civilization (2150 BC) and Hwang Ho civilization of China (1700-1000 BC), has been established 3350 years ago, around 1359 BC. Stone tools, colored clay pots, metal tools, pieces of kitchen knives and grinding stones unearthed provide sufficient proof to confirm the excavators' argument. As archeologists believe, these unearthed items show that it was a period of transition from the Stone Age to the Agricultural Age.

By Gayathri Giganaarachchi
@LBN / 27 Sep 2009


The ancient elite settlement unearthed during archeological excavations at Udaranchamadama, Embilipitiya was the hottest topic of discussion last week. This settlement which apparently existed around the same time as India's Indus valley civilization (2150 BC) and Hwang Ho civilization of China (1700-1000 BC), aroused the curiosity of many including local archaeologists. The excavations were begun with the support of students from the Post Graduate Institute of archaeology on August 21 at the Udaranchamadama Jayabodyarama temple premises.

The settlement discovered during the excavations by Prof. Raj Somadewa and lecturer Dhananjaya Gamlath of the Post Graduate Institute of Archaeology, it is said has been established 3350 years ago, around 1359 BC. "Our objective is to find out whether the prehistoric age of Sri Lanka began with the 'Balangoda man' or with Aryan immigration," Prof. Somadewa said. According to him, their attempt was to consider ideas about Sri Lankan history that prevailed during the 20th century, from a new angle.

"From this research we hope to investigate about the continuity of the 'Balangoda man' and also how these people managed to organize their life outside the tradition of river valley civilizations," he pointed out.

Stone tools, colored clay pots, metal tools, pieces of kitchen knives and grinding stones unearthed provide sufficient proof to confirm the excavators' argument. As archeologists believe, these unearthed items show that it was a period of transition from the Stone Age to the Agricultural Age.

Excavations at the Ranchamadama school premises in 2007 saw clay graves which were about 3368 years old and according to Prof. Somadewa it is possible that these graves were used by the elite of the recently described settlement.

The ancient graveyard at Ranchamadama belongs to the prehistoric age of human history that is traced to 2000-3000 years from now. 3000 years back from today, is 450 years before the coming of prince Vijaya. The middle stone age or the Mesolithic age of Sri Lanka is the period of 33 000 years before the coming of Vijaya.

Sabaragamuwa is well-known as the dwelling crucible of the pre historic people of Sri Lanka. Kuruwita Batadomba lena (crypt), Kithulgala Beli lena, Warakapola Dorawaka lena and Udawalawe Bellanbendi Pelessa are good examples of pre-historic habitats. The people in the country at that time were of the prototypes of 'Balangoda man' or 'Homo Sapien Sapiens'. As the archeologists pointed out some of the sepulchres had been used as crematoriums. The skeletons of the dead were brought and laid in these sepulchres after all the flesh dissolved and firewood was piled over the skeletons. Then the sepulchres were covered with clay and set on fire.

The graveyards in which the pre historic men laid ashes of the dead, have been found even before the present, at places such as Pomparippu in Wilpattu, Ibbankatuwa in Dambulla, Gurugalhinna in Gampola, Asmadala, Hakmana, Bandaththara, Pinwewa, Mannai, Anuradhapura Gedige, Athoi Kottei, Kok Abey and Kalatuwawa in Attanagalla.


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