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 Post subject: Bird Species Endemic to Sri Lanka
 Post Posted: Sat Nov 05, 2005 3:54 am 
Bird Species Endemic to Sri Lanka

26 birds have been identified as endemic birds of Sri Lanka. Most of this birds are threatened by rapid destruction of forest and drying off of water flows.


Sri Lanka Chestnut-Backed Owlet
(Glaucidium castanonotus)
Found almost throughout the island in forest, scrub and cultivation. Its distinctive cry of “huhu hoo” is often heard in the woods at dusk.
Image

Sri Lanka Blue Magpie
(Urocissa ornate)
Found in the forests of the wet zone and hill zone. Its loud, rasping call is often heard, but the bird itself is not so often seen.
Image


Sri Lanka White-Faced Starling
(Sturnus senex)
Found in the low country to medium hills of the wet zone. A scarce and arboreal bird of the forest, sometimes seen in small flocks.

Layard’s Parakeet
(Psittacula calthorpae)
Found in forested areas of the hills and adjoining low country. Often seen flying swiftly in small flocks uttering its squawking screams.
Image

Sri Lanka Whistling-Thrush
(Myiophoneus blighi)
Found in the well-wooded ravines of the forests of the highland zone. This bird is usually to be met with close to water, often a stream.
Image

Yellow-Billed Babbler
(Turdoides affinis)
Found in most parts of the island, except in forests and the higher hills. Moves around the ground in small, chattering, family flocks.

Ashy-Headed Laughing-Thrush
(Garrulax cinerifrons)
Found in the tall forests of the wet zone, where it lives usually in small family groups.

Red-Faced Malkoha
(Phaenicophaeus pyrrhocephalus)
Found in undisturbed forest areas in the wet zone and riverine forests of the dry zone. A scarce bird of the denser parts of the forest.
Image

Sri Lanka Brown Capped Babbler
(Pellorneum fuscopillum)
Found mostly in deep forests that are located in wetland areas, these birds ascend to the foothills of the hill country. This bird lives in pairs and nests usually at the foot of a tree or in a shrub.

Sri Lanka Grey Hornbill
(Ocyceros gingalensis)
Found in the forests of the dry zone lowlands and low hills. Lives in pairs. A prowling bird, often seen flying close to jungle tracks.

Sri Lanka Hanging Parrot
(Loriculus beryllinus)
Found in all parts of the country, but mainly in the foothills of the wet zone. Prefers to hang upside down rather than perch.

Image

Legge’s Flowerpecker
(Dicaeum vincens)
Found in the south west wet zone forests. This is a bird of the treetops, living singly or otherwise in pairs.

Crimson-Fronted Barbet
(Megalaima rubricapilla)
Found in the wooded areas of the lowlands and mid-hills of the dry zone. This is a bird of the treetops, giving a low, repetitive call.

Sri Lanka Green-Billed Coucal
(Centropus chlororhynchus)
Found in the low country wet zone. A scarce bird, often to be seen in dense forest and near thick clumps of bamboo.

Sri Lanka Yellow-Eared Bulbul
(Pycnonotus penicillatus)
Found in the forests and well-wooded areas of the hill country. Lives in pairs or otherwise in small flocks.

Black-Crested Bulbul
(Pycnonotus melanicterus)
Found in the well-wooded areas of the lowlands and low hills. Lives in pairs or otherwise in small flocks.

Sri Lanka Dull-Blue Flycatcher
(Eumyias sordida)
Found in the wooded areas of the hill country. Often seen catching its insect prey by making quick sorties from a branch with a view.

Image

Sri Lanka bush warbler
(Bradypterus palliseri)
Found only in the mid hills and above, this bird moves usually in pairs and seeks nesting places in damp mountain forests mostly in bamboo and thick shrub.

Sri Lanka White-Eye
(Zosterops ceylonensis)
Found in the wooded area of the high hills. These are restless birds, usually seen in large flocks, twittering as they search for insect prey.

Sri Lanka Mynah
(Gracula ptilogenys)
Found in the wet zone and wooded areas of the high and low country. These birds move around usually in noisy pairs.

Black-Throated Munia
(Lonchura kelaarti)
Found in gardens, plantations, and grassland. They live in small flocks and build globular nests of grass in trees or bushes.

Sri Lanka Yellow-Fronted Barbet
(Megalaima flavifrons)
Found mostly in the forested areas of the mid-country, where its remarkable rolling call is often heard.

Sri Lanka Spurfowl
(Galloperdix bicalcarata)
Found in all parts but prefers the wet zone. A shy bird of the dense forest, which is seldom seen although its call is often heard.

Sri Lanka Wood Pigeon
(Columba torringtoni)
Found mainly in the well-wooded areas of the hill country. A shy arboreal bird.

Sri Lanka Jungle Fowl
(Gallus lafayetii)
Found in the forests throughout the island, but is commonest in the national parks. A typical fowl, it struts about scratching for food.

Image

Sri Lanka Spot-Winged Thrush
(Zoothera spiloptera)
Found in the wooded areas of all parts of the country. A shy bird whose striking rich whistle is often heard in the forests.


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