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 Post subject: Trauma & accidents - Leading causes of hospitalisation
 Post Posted: Fri Oct 07, 2005 3:50 am 
Trauma & accidents - Leading causes of hospitalisation

At least 5 people are killed on the road every day in Sri Lanka


Trauma has been the leading cause of hospitalisation in Sri Lanka since 1995. In 1998 trauma accounted for a total of 426,682 hospital admissions which comprised 13.4% of all admissions. This amounts to 2270 patients per 100,000 population.

Road traffic accidents

In Sri Lanka there is an increase in the number of road traffic accidents with a consequent increase in the number of casualties and deaths. At least 5 people are killed on the road every day. In 1999 a total of 53,531 were reported with 2059 deaths following road traffic accidents. In comparison to the 1983 figures this shows a significant increase. Preventive measures are called for urgently to control this dangerous trend which also increases the workload of the surgeons in this country

Table - Road traffic accidents (1983 - 1999)

No. of accidents - 24162 - 53531
No. of casualties - 13296 - 20510
No. of deaths - 1375 - 2059

Accidents at work

Accidents are an important contributing factor to the ill health of the worker as they cause crippling injury, disability or even death. The common causes of agricultural accidents are falls from trees, injuries caused by animals, trapgun in juries, agricultural machinery and implements.


In 1999 about eleven thousand people were admitted to hospitals following burns of whom 412 died and many were disabled because of deformity. Most of them were treated by general surgeons in General Surgical wards. A visit to any general surgical ward will reveal the presence of at least 3-5 patients with burns. This is of much concern to us surgeons and preventive action is urgently required.

War Injuries

Since 1983 the North-East conflict has imposed a further burden on surgeons working in this country especially those practicing in the conflict areas and border areas. This conflict has resulted in a significant increase in the number of patients with injuries. The injuries have been caused by high velocity automatic weapons and a wide range of conventional and home made explosive devices. These include fragmentation weapons such as grenades, claymore mines, mortars and blast weaponary such as land mines, sea mines and anti-personal mines.

 Post subject: Road accidents no. 1 killer in Sri Lanka
 Post Posted: Sun Oct 23, 2005 11:44 am 
Road accidents no. 1 killer

by Jayamapthy Jayasinghe
@ Sunday Observer / Sunday, 23 October 2005

Road accidents have taken a devastating toll where 1718 people have died so far in 2005 when compared to 1537 persons who died in 2004. But as far as murder and robbery statistics were concerned it had gone down by 21 per cent, said the IGP Chandra Fernando, addressing members of the Society for Prevention of Accidents.

He said what worries them was the loss of lives and injury to persons. On the contrary police detections of motor offences have increased. Some drastic measures have to be taken with regard to fatal accidents. It was the bus drivers and three wheeler drivers that cause accidents. There were several warrants issued by courts against drivers who could not be traced.

Referring to drunken driving on highways the IGP said there was a sharp drop in numbers owing to strict enforcement.

However many fatal accidents occur in rural areas owing to excessive speeding. Public co-operation was necessary to bring down the number of accidents.

The public should learn to protest when a bus is speeding due to risk involved. They should be educated on such matters. The IGP said the Public should make use of the hot line 119 when errant bus drivers and taxi drivers are speeding. Where buses were concerned, time schedules have to be introduced to reduce excessive speeding.

Director Traffic Headquarters SSP Lucky Peiris said the number of people who died in accidents have increased tremendously. The Society for Prevention of Accidents was represented by its Chairman T. Perimpanayagam, Secretary G. Ramanayake, Raja Selvaduari, U. Jayantha de Silva, Edward Ahangama and Indika Jinasena.

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