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 Post subject: Kukule Ganga
 Post Posted: Sat Dec 20, 2008 3:08 pm 
Kukule Ganga

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This vast arable land mass of which the boundaries are Bentota River and Kalu Ganga by the two sides in present Kalutara District was previously known as Pasyodun Rata. It extent is roughly considered as 256 square miles.


Kukule is a very remote area, few years ago. It came to limelight, with the Kukule Ganga Hydro power project, but yet not known to outside world. "Kukule Ganga Holiday Resort' is a former resident bungalows of the top brass of the Swedish expatriates

It has 64 fully A/C single, two and three roomed apartments. Each apartment comprises of furnished big hall with TV, fully equipped kitchen and dining area with all cutlery and crockery and bathrooms with washing machine and dryers. 'It is a luxury home and only difference is no cooking is allowed. At the resort over 200 guests can stay at any given time'

Kukule Ganga Holiday Resort is located on valley of rubber plantation in Uskvalley in Molkawa off the banks of Kukule Ganga. It can be reached from Agalawatta and just 9 kms off Lathpandura junction on Matugama - Baduraliya/Kalawan Road. Also just two hours drive from Horana - Bulathsinhala and across the ferry to KGHR.

Kukule Ganga remains static and its still water stretches for about 1.5 Km before the sophisticated dam 'Run of the river' methodology is adapted at the dam which is only of two metre height. The water runs for around 8 km through the huge rock tunnel before it mingles with the turbines in the rock itself. The project is just 20 minutes away from the Resort.

There is a stretch of road passing Agalawatta through Bulathsinhala climbing through enchanting valleys, stretches of greenery intermingled with paddy fields, a sheer joy to drive through. The road is lonely with occasional townships and the rustic rural environment puts one into a relaxed mood. The rubber forest with neatly kept trees with coconut shells hung on their trunks to collect the creamy sap is a pattern in the scenery, rarely seen in Western suburbs.

Image

This vast arable land mass of which the boundaries are Bentota River and Kalu Ganga by the two sides in present Kalutara District was previously known as Pasyodun Rata. It extent is roughly considered as 256 square miles.

There are several approaches to Kukuleganga, However the route via Kalutara is considered as the main approach to this location. Being located in the environs of the Sinharaja natural reserve, it has a cool climatic effect with lush green Tea and Rubber estates surrounding the complex. The location being away from the hustle and bustle is ideal for relaxation.

This area belongs to the wet zone in Sri Lanka. It is warm and short rain showers are refreshing. It enjoys a superb climate with no high temperature and prolonged droughts. Temperatures during a whole year are between 24 C and 32 C. Perhaps it is so fascinating in the morning that it looks like an Italian mountainous village when wrapped by a silky blanket of mist. Drizzling and slight rainfall prevailing on the peaks of mountains are a natural occurrence, thus converting this side of Sri Lanka into a superb area for a life in relaxation.

Kukuleganga Resort is manned by the Institute of Peace Support Operations Training SriLanka. This is a very pleasant and recently constructed complex with nicely built one, two and three bedroomed cabins, along with amenities such as Club House, Swimming Pool, free zone, Play Area, Tennis Court, Squash Court Gymnasium walking trails etc. It is considered a highly desirable weekend retreat site patronized by locals as well as foreigners

Although politically demarcated in to the Bulathsinghala constituency, this arable land in which our Resort is situated belongs to the ancient Palinda Kingdom that flourished about 600 years ago with a mass population. The Heir to the throne, prince Weediya Bandara is believed to have selected this area for his settlement as environment was magnificently protected by nature as a fortress with huge mountains, passes, rivers and massive rocks that evaded sudden enemy invasions. In this territory he had trained and built up an invincible army, a great armory and also a granary to feed the warriors in their endeavor to eradicate the Portuguese from this land.

Uskvalley is a European formation of a name that rooted from the Sinhala word "Us Keliya" which denotes "The area proclaimed for Horse Breeding and training designed for the forth coming great maneuver. When Europeans acquired this land for Rubber cultivation the word Uskeliya diverted to the pronunciation of Uskvalley.

Lathpadura is yet another beautiful hamlet named after a Royal Silk towel being offered in charity by the regal to the Saman Dewalaya, which Holly place, had been dedicated to the Deity Saman for a period unknown. The charity received meaning " Lath Pandura "

Molkawa a little bazaar situated in the outskirts of resort center, which bazaar was assigned for security purposes by the warrior monarch. Mahakawala means great security station. The security station was established here by the foresighted king so wisely that no invaders could encroach the territory as it was surround by a great river.

Bellana village still a pass is meant for kings spies to be on alert and look out for invaders. Balana meaning "on looking point" became Bellana.

Morapitiya a rapidly developing area presently, was meant for the arena of martial arts during that ancient era. The warriors were trained in this sector of martial arts that would be necessary in the battlefield, for the gladiators. A well-secured security network had been established here as " Mura " meant Security.

Badureliya another township adjacent to LathPandura which has emerged as a commercial center in the area is renamed PalindaNuwara.

In the vicinity, there are several other villages too which have been etymologically named during the regime by the Royal gladiator Prince Weediya Bandara.

PAHIYANGALA ROCK CAVE TEMPLE :

This is a place of paramount importance with regard to the evolution and civilization of mankind. It is only an 8 km drive via Molkawa - or 17 km via Agalawatta. If you wish to drive via Molkawa being the shortest cut, it is much interesting and lucky, for you get a memorable and thrilling ride on a ferry with your light vehicle across the Kukuleganga.

The Pahiyangala natural cave in its massive solid Rock is said to be the biggest of its kind and nature in the whole of Asia. It has been confirmed by carbon Techniques that Homosaphian, the most ancient Human being of Sri Lanka during the pre-historic Stone age before thirty thousand years now, lived in this cave and had left sufficient evidences like skeletons, skulls, utensils and shells of consumed organism during his dwelling which are preserved at the same place.

Rev- Fa - Hsien, the famous Chinese Clergy - pilgrim is said to have lived in this rock cave exploring religious, Cultural and social, activities of Sri Lanka during the Era of King Mahanama in the 5th century A.D. Hence great impetus had been commissioned for this hermitage to come to the new world with much modern Introductions, by the Chinese Govt.

This solid rock is about 650 feet in height. The cave within is 175 feet wide and 150 feet in height, and also quite sufficient and large enough for one thousand people to sit at a time.

KUKULEGANGA HYDRO - POWER PROJECT :

It is only a 15 minutes' drive from this resort to the face of the under ground Hydro-Power Station via Molkawa. You may drive along a superbly constructed tarried Road. This giant project has proved to be the latest Hydro Power generating project in Sri Lanka with advanced technology introduced by world renounced engineering experts like Skanska.

The two turbines generate 85 mg watts a day with a targeted capacity of 317 gg hours to the national strength which is 5% of the countries' consumption. The constructions and installations have been completed in three and half years.

The water runs through a massive rock tunnel for 8 k.m. from the reservoir before it mingles with the turbines of which the installations have been executed within the great rock itself. Hence it has achieved the title of second under ground Hydro - Power Project in SriLanka. The dam of the reservoir is constructed adhering to "Run Of River" system where the water level is raised up to a height of two meters and maintain it static at the start of the great tunnel. The water level is scientifically speculated at the required level as the annual rainfall in the area is stagnant at about 37.5 cm

The power, thus generated is transmitted to the national out put at Matugama Sub Station which is located about 21 k.m away from the Holiday Resort. Fifteen billion SriLankan Rupees is said to have been injected in to this mammoth asset.

SINGHARAJA FOREST

This is a place of paramount importance and great value for locals as well as foreigners. Named after a huge rock of a lion's shape, Singharaja is the biggest and thickest natural forest in Sri Lankan Wet Zone.

It has three door ways and most convenient, safe and nearest to the resort is Weddagla door way via Kalawana. It is only an hour's distance from the Holiday Resort in your vehicle, which would be lucky to travel along a widened and tarried road across jungles with high Canopy. Above all the significance lies in the fact that Singha Raja has been named "a world heritage" by the UNESCO.

Looking at rare and dear fauna and flora in the jungle to his naked eyes would delight one. But please ensure that nothing of jungle properties will creep in to your bags as properties of jungle are for jungle. The most precious contribution that a wonderer could pay for this scenic glory is that he would not drop or throw anything, which could be tantamount to pollute the virginity of this natural wealth.

90% of the flora and 28% of the fauna have been classified as endemic species. Leeches are abundant on lawns and moors. Joyful songs of birds and humming of bees are rampant around 1000 hours in the morning. Streams full of crystal clear water flowing with mummer beneath massive trees will surely attract your eyes when you are rambling even at the outer rim of the Forest.

MAKELIYA ELLA WATERFALL :

Popular bathing spot and is patronized by locals specially during week ends. It is only nine km away from the IPSOTSL KKG Holiday Resort.

FAMOUS DUN TREE :

On your way to Singha Raja you will surely be fortunate enough to look at the biggest tree of the low country, "a Dun Tree" which is more than 150 feet in height and 20 feet in circumference. You may see it just near the demarcation of Kalutara - Sabaragamuwa Districts which place is popularly know as Dunukeiyagala at Atweltota.

AKASA BOKKUWA (SKY BRIDGE) :

This is yet another important spot to see a few meters ahead of the massive and famous "Dun Tree". Although much recognition is not thrown to this today; this is a very significant place when looked at with an Archeological point of view. When road construction was at a very primitive stage in the era of First World War people thought this to be a miracle in road and bridge building techniques. This narrow bridge has been constructed joining cliffs of two large rocks with no pillars between to facilitate the movement of friendly troops in the First World War. Thanks to their technology the bridge is still in its excellent conditions. This is a live relic of the past for it is a miraculous masterpiece when the primitive technology of road building existed with no modern equipments used. If you peep over the stone culvert you may be lucky to have a glimpse of a beautiful and dark depth.

KALUGALA MONASTERY :

By Monastery, we mean a sacred Hermitage in a forest inhabited by highly disciplined Buddhist Monks whose lives have been entirely dedicated to the religious compliance. Kalugala , being one among them is situated in a passable forest peak about 15 km away from here in a mountainous environment. One has to climb a little distance on cemented steps in an attractive set up which attraction automatically diverts into a devotious nature at the first entrance. Astonishingly encircled with glorious, glaring and sky scrapping shrines, neatly built preaching halls, rock caves with sacred Lord Buddha statues of several gestures, cleaned flower gardens, rest halls, sandy foot paths, crystal clear streams running by , and above all pious and well mannered clergy pacing in silence at regular times are some of the things that a visitor may look at. Pirith chanting, sermons and alms giving are performed at specific times. Certainly you may not believe the serenity and beauty of this gracious hermitage until you see them with your own naked eyes.

Palanda Raja Maha Viharaya & Udukumbura Temple Baduraliya :

Palanda Raja Maha Viharaya situated on the banks of river Palanda merely a distance of 3 km consuming 20 minutes in a car is very highly and piously regarded as it dates back to the era of monarch Weediya Bandara, the Great Warrior Sinhala Regal. During his stay here in exile he had chartered this ancient temple with the title of Raja Maha Vihara. In the Temple there is an invaluable and sizable collection of relics of the past as well as in Udukumbura Temple Baduraliya. Weapons, Utensils and various implements are among them. This place of veneration and reverence is inhabited by highly disciplined bikkus headed by a pious chief incumbent.

Nurania Jumma Masjid

The nearest Muslim mosque situated on the beautiful bank of Palanda River not for away than four (4) km from the Holiday Resort .It is so ancient that even the Moulavi or any other inhabitants of the hamlet are unaware of its inception and evolution.

Sri Muttu Mari Amman Kovil :

The famous place of worship of Hindus in the locality is just by the main road at a distance of about one and half km from the Resort close to Uskvalley Junction. This Kovil has been dedicated to the sacred Thousand Eyed Goddess Sri Mari Amman who is believed by the devotees to have miraculous potentiality of penetrating in to thousand (1000) individual grievances of loved ones simultaneously.

The Church Of Resurrection :

The Anglican Church is situated on a scenic crag just at Karawwa junction only a km away from here. This church belongs to the chapter of Church of England and seen periodically conducting various philanthropic activities for the needy. The Masses are conducted at 9.00 am on every Sunday.

The Church Of Sacred Heart :

Another place of reverence only 9 km distance from the Resort is the Roman Catholic Church which is situated just by the main road to-wards Baduraliya town-ship. It consists of an orphanage assisted by a French charity fund. The mass is conducted at 16.00 hrs on every Sunday.

CANE BRIDGE:
This lengthy, rocking, nodding and cradle like cane bridge is newly erected across Kukuleganga at a distance of 10 minutes drive from here and also very popular among city-guests for its splendid structure . This beautiful cane bridge is used by village-folk to move to the nearest town ships with local produce on their shoulders . You will acquire a quite different experience at this attractive spot .


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